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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Protein Kinases » Anti -AMP Activated Protein Kinase beta1,2 (AMPK- b1,2)

Anti -AMP Activated Protein Kinase beta1,2 (AMPK- b1,2)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Polyclonal Rabbit Affinity Purified E B
In cells, excess of metabolic fuel is converted into fatty acids in cytosol and oxidized later in mitochondria to generate ATP and acetyl-CoA. In fatty acid synthesis, catalytic formation of malonyl-CoA (precursor for long-chain fatty acyl-CoA, LCFA-CoA) from acetyl-CoA by Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC-1) is the rate limiting step. The translocation of LCFA-CoA from cytosol to mitochondria, catalyzed by two carnitine palmitoyl transferases (CPT-1 & CPT-2) and regulated by ACC-2, is the rate limiting step of mitochondrial fatty acid ?-oxidation. Activities of ACC-1, ACC-2 and other key proteins of carbohydrate and fat metabolism are regulated by their phosphorylation by 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK switches-off biosynthetic processes when ATP levels are depleted and AMP rises in response to fuel deficiency and treatments like heat shock, ischaemia and exercise. A defect in AMPK switch leads to insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, ketosis resistance and other metabolic derangements in Type 2 diabetes. AMPK also regulates cholesterol biosynthesis via phosphorylation and inactivation of hormone-sensitive lipase and hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA resuctase. It also appears to act as a metabolic stress-sensing protein kinase switching off biosynthetic pathway when ATP levels are depleted and when 5-AMP rises in response to fuel limitation and or hypoxia.
Catalog #A1475-03D
ApplicationsSuitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionWestern Blot: 1-10ug/ml using ECL.
ELISA: 1:10,000-1:100,000 using 50-100ng of control peptide/well.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20°C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
Clone TypePolyclonal
IsotypeIgG
HostRabbit
SourceHuman
Concentration~1mg/ml.
FormSupplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.4 0.1% BSA, 0.1% sodium azide, 40% glycerol.
PurityPurified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
ImmunogenA 15-aa peptide sequence mapping near the C-terminus of human AMPK-b1/2 (1) was synthesized, coupled to KLH.
SpecificityRecognizes human AMPK- b1,2. Species Crossreactivity
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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