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You are here:Home » Biologicals-Cells, Plasma, Serum, Tissues » Cells-PBMC » Cells, PBMC, CD4+ Helper T cells, Negative Selection, BioPrimary™

Cells, PBMC, CD4+ Helper T cells, Negative Selection, BioPrimary™

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Specifications

BioPrimary™ Cells are derived using technology including advanced protocols and adjuvants that ehance the viability of our cells to over >90% total post-thaw viability.
Catalog #C2600-190
CD4+ T helper cells are a sub-group of lymphocytes that play a crucial role in establishing and maximizing the capabilities of the immune system. These cells are unusual in that they have no cytotoxic or phagocytic activity; they cannot kill infected host cells (also known as somatic cells) or pathogens. CD4+ T cells are essential in determining B cell antibody class switching, in the activation and growth of cytotoxic T cells, and in maximizing bactericidal activity of phagocytes such as macrophages. It is this diversity in function and their role in influencing other cells that gives T helper cells their name.
Role in DiseasePerhaps the best example of the importance of CD4+ T cells is demonstrated with HIV infection. HIV targets cells that express CD4, and can infect macrophages, dendritic cells (both groups express CD4 at low levels) and CD4+ T cells.
It has been proposed that during the non-symptomatic phase of HIV infection, the virus has a relatively low affinity towards T cells (and has a higher affinity for macrophages), resulting in a slow kill rate of CD4+ T cells by the immune system. This is initially compensated for via the production of new helper T cells from the thymus (originally from the bone marrow). Once the virus becomes lymphotropic (or T-tropic) however, it begins to infect CD4+ T cells far more efficiently (likely due to a change in the co-receptors it binds to during infection), and the immune system is overwhelmed.
At this point, functional CD4+ T cell levels begin to decrease, eventually to a point where the CD4+ T cell population is too small to recognize the full range of antigens that could potentially be detected. The lack of full antigen cover results in the core symptoms of AIDS. CD4+ T cell depletion during AIDS allows various pathogens to escape T cell recognition, thus allowing opportunistic infections that would normally elicit a helper T cell response to bypass the immune system. While these complete bypass situations only occur when the helper T cell response is absolutely necessary for infection clearance, most infections increase in severity and/or duration because the immune system's helper T cells provide a weaker contribution to a less efficient immune response.
All products are shipped on dry ice with 1) Certificate of Analysis (with viability and purity results), and 2) Thawing instructions
Storage and Stability
It is recommended that cells are used as soon as possible following receipt to ensure optimal viability. Cells may be stored at -80 C for up to one month (minimize storage length at -80 C in order to maximize viability).
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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