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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Enzymes, Cyclooxygenase (COX) » Anti -COX 2, CT (Cyclooxygenase 2, PGHS 2, Prostaglandin Endoperoxide Synthase 2, PHS 2)

Anti -COX 2, CT (Cyclooxygenase 2, PGHS 2, Prostaglandin Endoperoxide Synthase 2, PHS 2)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Monoclonal Mouse Affinity Purified E B FC
Cyclooxygenases-1 and 2 (COX-1 and COX-2) also known as prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases-1 and 2 are integral membrane proteins which catalyze the first step of prostaglandins, thromboxanes and procastacyclin production from arachidonic acid. Both COX-1 and COX-2 catalyze a cyclooxygenase (bis-oxygenase) reaction in which arachidonate plus two molecules of O2 are converted to PGG2 (prostaglandin G2) and a peroxidase reaction in which PGG2 undergoes a two-electron reduction to PGH2. COX-1 and COX-2 proteins are encoded by separate genes located on different chromosomes and both enzymes are very similar in structure. They are homodimeric, heme containing, glycosylated proteins with two catalytic sites but they differ substantially in their pattern of expression and biology 1, 2.
COX-1 is expressed constitutively in most tissues and at high levels in selected cells and tissues, including endothelium, monocytes, platelets, renal collecting tubules and seminal vesicles. COX-1 is thought to regulate a number of housekeeping activities involved in renal, gastrointestinal and platelet function. Inducible COX-2 is undetectable in most mammalian tissues but its expression can be induced rapidly (2-6h) in fibroblasts, endothelial cells, monocytes and ovarian follicles in response to growth factors, tumor promoters, hormones, bacterial endotoxin and cytokines. COX-2 is also expressed constitutively in specialized cell types or tissues where it plays specific functions in individual biological processes. These include reproduction, immunity, renal physiology, neurotransmissiom, bone resorption and pancreatic secretion 1, 2.
The COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes are important pharmacologically as targets of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin, ibuprofen and the new COX-2 inhibitors. Inhibition of cyclooxygenases with NSAIDs acutely reduces inflammation, pain and fever. Some methods to determine COX activity include measuring uptake of oxygen using an oxygraph, measuring the conversion of radioactive arachidonic acid, or measuring prostaglandins formed from PGH2 (such as determining PGH2 using immunoassays 3). These methods can be complex, time consuming and are prone to interferences.
Catalog #C7904-82W4
ApplicationsSuitable for use in Flow Cytometry, ELISA and Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionOptimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. For long-term storage and to avoid repeated freezing and thawing, aliquot Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20°C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
Clone TypeMonoclonal
IsotypeIgG,k
Clone No8J1069
HostMouse
SourceHuman
Concentration~1mg/ml
FormSupplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.2.
PurityPurified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
ImmunogenRecombinant human COX2.
SpecificityRecognizes human COX2 at approximately 68-70kD.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
Alternate namesCOX 2, COX2, Cyclooxygenase 2, Cyclooxygenase, Cyclooxygenase2, PGG/HS, PGH synthase 2, PGHS 2, PGHS2, PHS 2, PHS II, PHS2, PTGS2, Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 precursor, Prostaglandin G/H synthase and cyclooxygenase, Prostaglandin G/H synthase, Prostagla


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