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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Enzymes, Methyltransferase » Anti -DNA Methyltransferase 3A (Dnmt 3A)

Anti -DNA Methyltransferase 3A (Dnmt 3A)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Polyclonal Rabbit Affinity Purified E B IP
Methylation of DNA at cytosine residues in mammalian cells is a heritable, epigenetic modification that is critical for proper regulation of gene expression, genomic imprinting and development. Three families of mammalian DNA methyltransferases have been identified: Dnmt1, Dnmt2 and Dnmt3. Dnmt1 is constitutively expressed in proliferating cells and functions as a maintenance methyltransferase, transferring proper methylation patterns to newly synthesized DNA during replication. Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B are strongly expressed in embryonic stem cells with reduced expression in adult somatic tissues. Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B function as de novo methyltransferases that methylate previously unmethylated regions of DNA. Dnmt2 is expressed at low levels in adult somatic tissues and its inactivation affects neither de novo nor maintenance DNA methylation. Dnmt1, Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B together form a protein complex that interacts with histone deacetylases (HDAC1, HDAC2, Sin3A), transcriptional repressor proteins (RB, TAZ-1) and heterochromatin proteins (HP1, SUV39H1), to maintain proper levels of DNA methylation and facilitate gene silencing. Improper DNA methylation contributes to diseased states such as cancer. Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands within tumor suppressor genes correlates with gene silencing and the development of cancer. In addition, hypomethylation of bulk genomic DNA correlates with and may contribute to the onset of cancer. Dnmt1, Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B are over-expressed in many cancers, including acute and chronic myelogenous leukemias, in addition to colon, breast and stomach carcinomas.
Catalog #D3931-70D
ApplicationsSuitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot and Immunoprecipitation. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionWestern Blot: 1:1000
Immunoprecipitation: 1:25
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. 
Clone TypePolyclonal
IsotypeIgG
HostRabbit
SourceHuman
ConcentrationNot determined
FormSupplied as a liquid in 10mM sodium HEPES, pH 7.5, 150mM sodium chloride, 0.1mg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol.
PurityPurified by Protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
ImmunogenSynthetic peptide corresponding to human Dnmt3A (KLH).
SpecificityRecognizes endogenous levels of total human Dnmt3A. Does not cross react with Dmnt 3B or other Dmnt proteins. Species Crossreactivity
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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