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You are here:Home » Growth Factors, Cytokines » Growth Factors-FGF » Fibroblast Growth Factor 21, Recombinant, Human (FGF-21)

Fibroblast Growth Factor 21, Recombinant, Human (FGF-21)


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Human FGF-21 Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21) is a member of the FGF gene family, which currently contains 22 human members. Based on its structure, it is further classified as an FGF19 subfamily member. This subfamily includes FGF-19, -21, and -23. Like all other FGF subfamilies, FGF-19 subfamily members contain a 120 amino acid (aa) core FGF domain that exhibits a b-trefoil structure (1, 2). Unlike other FGF subfamilies, FGF-19 subfamily members apparently exhibit poor binding to ECM, resulting in highly diffusible molecules (3). The c-DNA for FGF-21 predicts a 209aa polypeptide that contains a 28aa signal sequence and a 181aa mature region (4). Notably, FGF-21, as well as FGF-19 shows limited binding to heparin (4). One potential alternate splice form has been reported. It shows a 43aa substitution for the C-terminal 12aa of the standard form (5). Mature human FGF-21 shows 81% aa identity to mouse FGF-21, and is known to be active on mouse cells (4, 6). The FGF-19 subfamily is considered endocrine in nature. All three subfamily members impact some aspect of metabolism, all three are induced by a nuclear receptor heterodimer that includes RXR, and all three utilize Klotho family members for signal transduction (7, 8, 9). FGF-21 is produced by hepatocytes in response to free fatty acid (FFA) stimulation of a PPARa/RXR dimeric complex. This situation occurs clinically during starvation, or following the ingestion of a high-fat/low-carbohydrate diet. Upon FGF-21 secretion, white adipose tissue is induced to release FFAs from triglyceride stores. Once FFAs reach hepatocytes, they are oxidized and reduced to acetyl-CoA. The acetyl-CoA is recombined into 4-carbon ketone bodies (acetoacetate and b-hydroxybutyrate), released, and transported to peripheral tissues for TCA processing and energy generation.
Catalog #F4212-93
Recombinant human FGF-21, derived from E. coli, consists of amino acids encompassing His29-Ser209, with an N-terminal 5-His tag (Accession #Q9NSA1). It has a predicted molecular mass of approximately 20.2kD.
Biological ActivityMeasured by its ability to stimulate the proliferation of BaF3 mouse pro-B cells transfected with human FGF RIIIc. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.06-0.4ug/ml in the presence of rmKlotho-beta.
Measured by its ability to stimulate the proliferation of NIH3T3 cells. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.12-0.6ug/ml in the presence of 5ug/ml of rmKlotho-beta. Storage and StabilityLyophilized powder stored at -20°C is stable for 12 months after receipt. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Product reconstituted under sterile conditions is stable for 1 month at 4°C and for 3 months at -20°C to -70°C. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
SourceE. coli
Purity> 97%, as determined by SDS-PAGE and visualized by silver stain. Endotoxin: < 1.0 EU per 1ug of the protein as determined by the LAL method.
FormSupplied as a lyophilized powder from 10mM MES, 50mM sodium sulfate, 0.2mM EDTA and 0.2mM DTT, pH 6.5 containing 50ug of BSA per 1ug of protein. Reconstitute with sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% HSA or BSA to a concentration of of 0.1mg/ml.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.

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