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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Antibodies-Ubiquitin » Anti -GMP-1 (Gap Modifying Protein 1, SUMO-1)

Anti -GMP-1 (Gap Modifying Protein 1, SUMO-1)


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Clone Host Grade Applications
Monoclonal Mouse Affinity Purified E B IF
Transport of macromolecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm occurs bi-directionally and is mediated by nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). NPCs are large supermolecular structures that span the nuclear envelope. Although ions, metabolites, and small macromolecules can passively diffuse through the NPC, most larger macromolecules such as proteins and ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) must be transported across the NPC by specific signal- and energy -dependent mechanisms. The Ran protein is required for the bi-directional transport of proteins and RNPs across the NPC. Ran is thought to operate in much the same fashion as other Ras-like GTPases acting as a molecular switch by cycling between the GTP bound and GDP bound forms. Nucleotide exchange by Ran is catalyzed by the GTP exchange factor RCC1, while GTP hydrolysis is catalyzed by the GTPase-activating protein RanGAP1. Two other proteins which bind Ran-GTP and possibly affect GTP hydrolysis include RanBP1 and RanBP2 (Nup 358). The mammalian RanGap-1 protein was originally purified from HeLa cells as a 65-70kD homodimer. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that RanGAP1 is highly concentrated at the cytoplasmic periphery of the NPC where it associates with RanBP2. This interaction requires the RanGap1 protein to be conjugated to a ~17kD ubiquitin-like protein termed GMP1 (Gap modifying protein 1) or SUMO-1 (small ubiquitin-related modifier). The unmodified 70kD form of RanGAP1 is exclusively cytoplasmic, whereas the 90-kD modified form of RanGap1 associates with the cytoplasmic fibers of the NPC. Therefore, the ubiquitin-like GMP1 (SUMO-1) protein functions in a novel way by modulating the partitioning of RanGAP1 between the cytoplasm and NPC. As described above, GMP1 (SUMO-1) is a small polypeptide which shares homology with ubiquitin and appears to be involved in protein targeting.
Catalog #G8245
ApplicationsSuitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot and Immunofluorescence. Other applications have not been tested.
Recommended DilutionELISA: 0.1-1ug/ml
Western Blot: 0.1-1ug/ml
Immunofluorescence: 10-20ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Positive ControlsRat liver nuclear envelopes, total lysates derived from NIH 3T3 and HeLa cells.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
Clone TypeMonoclonal
Clone No6A92
FormSupplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.4, 0.1% sodium azide.
PurityPurified by Protein A chromatography
ImmunogenFull-length recombinant GMP1 protein
SpecificityRecognizes the unconjugated (~17kD) form of human GMP1 (SUMO-1), as well as proteins covalently ligated to GMP1(e.g. RanGAP-1). Species Crossreactivity: mouse and rat
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.

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