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You are here:Home » Growth Factors, Cytokines » Growth Factors-Interleukin » Interleukin 31 Receptor A, Recombinant, Human (IL-31RA, gp130-Like Monocyte Receptor, GLM-R, GPL)

Interleukin 31 Receptor A, Recombinant, Human (IL-31RA, gp130-Like Monocyte Receptor,
GLM-R, GPL)

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Specifications

The interleukin-31 receptor A subunit (IL-31 RA), also known as gp130-Like Monocyte Receptor (GLM-R or GPL), is a ~100kD type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is classified as being a type I cytokine receptor (1, 2). A heterodimeric complex of IL-31 RA and the oncostatin M receptor (OSM-R) functions as the signaling receptor for IL-31 (3). Both subunits are inducibly expressed throughout the myelomonocytic lineage and are upregulated by interferon- and bacterial lipopolysaccharides (1-3). IL-31 RA is also expressed on keratinocytes, dorsal root ganglia neurons, and variably on lung epithelial cells (3-6). The 732 amino acid (aa) IL-31 RA contains a 19 aa signal sequence, a 500 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane domain and a 192 aa cytoplasmic domain. The ECD shares 60%, 58%, 73% and 70% aa identity with mouse, rat, dog and cow IL-31 RA ECD, respectively. Human IL-31 receptors do not respond to mouse IL-31 (7). The ECD contains five fibronectin type III domains; the first two contain four conserved cysteine residues and a WSXWS motif common to type I cytokine receptors (2). Twelve alternately spliced human IL-31 RA isoforms are known and range in size from 356-745 amino acids. A long (745 aa) and a short (560 aa) transmembrane form are the predominant forms, and many cell lines express both forms (8). The long form, like the 732 aa form, signals by recruiting STAT3, 5 or 1, while the short form does not recruit STATs and inhibits IL-31 signaling. The ratio of these forms and their coexpression with OSM-R determines a cellís response to IL-31 (8). In both humans and transgenic mice, IL-31 from skin-homing Th2 cells may contribute to the pruritis (itching) associated with nonatopic dermatitis, especially in infected skin (3, 9, 10).
Catalog #I8442-41F
Source A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain of human IL-31 RA (Ala 20-Ser 516; Accession # Q8NI17) was fused to the signal peptide of human CD-33 at the N-terminus and a 6X histidine tag at the C-terminus. The chimeric protein was expressed in a mouse myeloma cell line, NS0.
Definition Measured by its ability to bind rhIL-31 in an ELISA type binding assay with an estimated KD < nM.
ApplicationsSuitable for use in Western Blot and ELISA. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionWestern Blot: 57.49kD protein migrates as an ~ 95-115kD protein in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
ELISA: type binding assay with an estimated KD < nM.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityLyophilized powder may be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Reconstitute to nominal volume by adding sterile PBS and store at -20°C. Reconstituted product is stable for 12 months at -20°C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
Molecular Weight57.49kD
SourceRecombinant Human
Purity95%, as determined by SDS-PAGE and visualized by silver stain. Endotoxin 1EU.
ConcentrationAs reported
FormSupplied as a lyophilized powder in PBS. Reconstitute with sterile PBS to 0.1mg/ml.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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