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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Multi Drug Resistance (MDR) » Anti -MRP4 (Multi Drug Resistance Associated Protein, MDR4 Protein)

Anti -MRP4 (Multi Drug Resistance Associated Protein, MDR4 Protein)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Polyclonal Rabbit Affinity Purified B IH
Proteins involved in MDR mechanisms are P-glycoprotein (Pgp), Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP) and Lung Resistance-related Protein (LRP). Pgp and MRP belong to the ATP binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of membrane transporter proteins. This superfamily comprises a broad range of proteins found in organisms from bacteria to humans, which transport a wide variety of substances such as ions, amino acids, sugars, peptide and proteins.
Although increased levels of Pgp are likely to contribute to MDR in at least some tumor types, it has become evident that alternative, non-Pgp-mediated mechanisms of MDR exist. The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) has been identified by Cole and Deeley. The amino acid identity between MRP1 and Pgp is only 15%, and the homology to chloride channel CFTR only 19%. Paulusma, et al., cloned the cDNA for rat canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT or MRP2) which turned out to be a novel liver specific homolog of human MRP1. Recently, by screening database of human expressed sequences tags, Kool identified three new homologs of MRP1, called MRP3, MRP4 and MRP5. Several excellent reviews appeared recently dealing with mechanisms of cellular drug resistance. In addition to MDR-related proteins many other mechanisms of drug resistance have been documented in vitro. They are based on alterations in drug target enzymes and proteins, increased detoxification, alterations in cellular metabolism, enhanced ability to repair DNA damage, and failure to undergo apoptosis.
Catalog #M4688-25
ApplicationsSuitable for use in Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications have not been tested.
Recommended DilutionsWestern Blot: 1:1000
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months after receipt. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
Clone TypePolyclonal
IsotypeIgG
HostRabbit
SourceHuman
Concentration~1mg/ml
FormSupplied as a liquid in borate buffer, protein stabilizer.
PurityPurified by affinity chromatography.
ImmunogenRecombinant peptide corresponding to aa1249-1268, SGR LKE YDE PYV LLQ NKE SL of human MRP4.
SpecificityRecognizes human MRP4. Does not recognize other species.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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