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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Smad Proteins » Anti -Smad2, phosphorylated (Thr220) (Small Mothers Against Decapentaplegic Deleted in Pancreatic Carcinoma)

Anti -Smad2, phosphorylated (Thr220) (Small Mothers Against Decapentaplegic Deleted in
Pancreatic Carcinoma)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Polyclonal Rabbit Affinity Purified B
Smad2 is a 58kD member of a family of proteins involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. The Smad family is divided into three subclasses: receptor-regulated Smads, activin/TGFb receptor-regulated (Smad2 and 3) or BMP receptor regulated (Smad1, 5 and 8); the common partner, (Smad4) that functions via its interaction to the various Smads; and the inhibitory Smads, (Smad6 and Smad7). Smad2 consists of two highly conserved domains, the N-terminal Mad homology (MH1) and the C-terminal Mad homology 2 (MH2) domains. The MH1 domain binds DNA and regulates nuclear import and transcription while the MH2 domain conserved among all the Smads regulates Smad2 oligomerization and binding to cytoplasmic adaptors and transcription factors. Activated Smad2 associates with Smad4 and translocates as a complex into the nucleus, allowing its binding to DNA and transcription factors. This translocation of Smad2 (as well as Smad3) into the nucleus is a central event in TGFb signaling. Phosphorylation of threonine 8 in the calmodulin-binding region of the MH1 domain by extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) enhances Smad2 transcriptional activity, which is negatively regulated by calmodulin. The regulation of Smad2 phosphorylation on threonine 8 by ERK1 and calmodulin is critical for Smad2-mediated signaling.
Catalog #S1014-53F
ApplicationsSuitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionsWestern Blot: 1:500-1:1000
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months after receipt. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
Clone TypePolyclonal
IsotypeIgG
HostRabbit
SourceHuman
Concentration~1mg/ml
FormSupplied as a liquid in PBS (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol.
PurityPurified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
ImmunogenSynthesized phosphopeptide derived from human Smad2 around the phosphorylation site of threonine 220 (P-E-TP-P-P).
SpecificityRecognizes endogenous levels of human Smad2 only when phosphorylated at threonine 220.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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