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You are here:Home » Biochemicals » Biochem-Molecular Biology » Thialysine (S-Aminoethyl-L-cysteine hydrochloride)

Thialysine (S-Aminoethyl-L-cysteine hydrochloride)

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Specifications

The lysine analog, thialysine, has been implicated in the mechanism for the inhibitory effect of the on human acute leukemia Jurkat T cells. When Jurkat T cells were treated with thialysine (0.32-2.5mM), apoptotic cell death along with several biochemical events such as mitochondrial cytochrome c release, caspase-9 activation, caspase-3 activation, degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, and DNA fragmentation was induced in a dose- and time-dependent manner. However, these thialysine-induced apoptotic events were significantly abrogated by an ectopic expression of Bcl-xL, which is known to block mitochondrial cytochrome c release. Decylubiquinone, a mitochondrial permeability transition pore inhibitor, also suppressed thialysine-induced apoptotic events. Comparison of the thialysine-induced alterations in the cell cycle distribution between Jurkat T cells transfected with Bcl-xL gene (J/Bcl-xL) and Jurkat T cells transfected with vector (J/Neo) revealed that the apoptotic cells were mainly derived from the cells accumulated in S and G2/M phases following thialysine treatment. The interruption of cell cycle progression in the presence of thialysine was accompanied by a significant decline in the protein level of cdk4, cdk6, cdc2, cyclin A, cyclin B1, and cyclin E. These results demonstrate that the cytotoxic activity of thialysine toward Jurkat T cells is attributable to not only apoptotic cell death mediated by a mitochondria-dependent death signaling pathway, but also interruption of cell cycle progression by a massive down-regulation in the level of cdks and cyclins.
Catalog #T5000
Solubility (H2O, 50mg/ml)Light tan, clear, complete
Melting Point~201°C
Specific Rotation (a,24 D)As reported (1% in water)
CAS Number4099-35-8
Molecular FormulaC5H12N2O2S·HCl
Molecular Weight200.70
PurityAssay by TLC: ~99%
FormLight beige powder
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
Alternate namesH-Cys(aminoethyl)-OH?HCl; L-4-Thialysine hydrochloride


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