AICAR (5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-beta-D-ribofuranoside)
|Biochemicals||Storage: 4°C/-20°CShipping: Blue Ice|
Cell permeable AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator. Insulin mimetic. Adipocyte differentiation inhibitor. Apoptosis inducer. PPARalpha inhibitor. mTOR inhibitor. P70S6K inhibitor. LPS-induced TNFalpha production inhibitor. TORC2 phosphorylation inducer. Anti-inflammatory. Anti-tumor compound. Autophagy inhibitor. HSP90 inhibitor.
Storage and Stability:
Short-term Storage: +4°C
Long-term Storage: -20°C
Stable for at least 2 years after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Purity: >98% (HPLC)
Important Note: This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside. A specific method for activating AMP-activated protein kinase in intact cells?: J. M. Corton et al.; Eur. J. Biochem. 229, 558 (1995)
5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside mimics the effects of insulin on the expression of the 2 key gluconeogenic genes PEPCK and glucose-6-phosphatase: P. A, Lochhead et al.; Diabetes 49, 896 (2000)
The effects of AICAR on adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells: S. A. Habinowski et al.; Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.286, 852 (2001)
5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside induces apoptosis in Jurkat cells, but the AMP-activated protein kinase is not involved: J. M. Lopez et al.; Biochem. J. 370, 1027 (2003)
Kinase-independent transcriptional co-activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha by AMP-activated protein kinase: M. Bronner et al.; Biochem. J. 384, 295 (2004)
AMP-activated protein kinase activators can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells by multiple mechanisms: X. Xiang et al.; Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 321, 161 (2004)
5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha production through inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt activation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages: B. S. Jhun et al.; Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.318, 372 (2004)
The CREB coactivator TORC2 is a key regulator of fasting glucose metabolism: S. H. Koo et al.; Nature 437, 1109 (2005)
5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-4-ribofuranoside inhibits proinflammatory response in glial cells: a possible role of AMP-activated protein kinase: S. Giri, et al.; J. Neurosci. 24, 479 (2004)
5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) inhibits insulin-stimulated glucose transport in 3T3-L1 adipocytes: I.P. Salt, et al.; Diabetes 49, 1649 (2000)
AICAR induces apoptosis independently of AMPK and p53 through up-regulation of the BH3-only proteins BIM and NOXA in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells: A.F. Santidrian, et al.; Blood 116, 3023 (2010)
AICAR inhibits cancer cell growth and triggers cell-type distinct effects on OXPHOS biogenesis, oxidative stress and Akt activation: C. Jose, et al.; Biochim. Biophys. Acta Epub ahead of print (2010)
Role of AMP-activated protein kinase in autophagy and proteasome function: R. Viana, et al.; BBRC 369, 964 (2008)
Small-molecule targeting of heat shock protein 90 chaperone function: rational identification of a new anticancer lead: M. Meli, et al.; J. Med. Chem. 49, 7721 (2006)