Cytisine (NSC 407282, BRN 0083882)
|Biochemicals||Storage: 4°C/-20°CShipping: Blue Ice|
Potent agonist at alpha3beta4 and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and partial agonist at alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
Shows analgesic, antihypertensive and inotropic activities.
Used for smoking cessation.
Might be used for binge-like ethanol drinking cessation.
Iron-chelator and hydroxyl radical scavanger.
Has antidepressant properties.
Used in forensics in novel surface molecular imprinting techniques.
Storage and Stability:
Short-term Storage: +4°C
Long-term Storage: -20°C
Stable for at least 2 years after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Purity: >99% (HPLC)
Important Note: This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
Partial agonist properties of cytisine on neuronal nicotinic receptors containing the beta 2 subunit: R.L. Papke & S.F. Heinemann; Mol. Pharmacol. 45, 142 (1994)
Evidence for spare nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and a beta 4 subunit in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells: studies using bromoacetylcholine, epibatidine, cytisine and mAb35: B.W. Wenger, et al.; J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 281, 905 (1997)
Effects of cytisine on hydroxyl radicals in vitro and MPTP-induced dopamine depletion in vivo: B. Ferger, et al.; Eur. J. Pharmacol. 360, 155 (1998)
Activity of cytisine and its brominated isosteres on recombinant human alpha7, alpha4beta2 and alpha4beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: L.M. Houlihan, et al.; J. Neurochem. 78, 1029 (2001)
Cytisine binds with similar affinity to nicotinic alpha4beta2 receptors on the cell surface and in homogenates: J. Zhang & J.H. Steinbach; Brain Res. 959, 98 (2003)
Halogenated cytisine derivatives as agonists at human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes: Y.E. Slater, et al.; Neuropharmacology 44, 503 (2003)
Cytisine for the treatment of nicotine addiction: from a molecule to therapeutic efficacy: P. Tutka & W. Zatonski; Pharmacol. Rep. 58, 777 (2006) (Review)
Cytisine, a partial agonist of high-affinity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, has antidepressant-like properties in male C57BL/6J mice: Y.S. Mineur, et al.; Neuropharmacology 52, 1256 (2007)
Cytisine for smoking cessation: a research agenda: J.F. Etter, et al.; Drug Alcohol Depend. 92, 3 (2008) (Review)
Cytisine induces autonomic cardiovascular responses via activations of different nicotinic receptors: Y.F. Li, et al.; Auton. Neurosci. 154, 14 (2010)
Preparation and recognition performance of cytisine alkaloid-imprinted material prepared using novel surface molecular imprinting technique: B. Gao, et al.; J. Sep. Sci. 33, 1338 (2010)
Lobeline and cytisine reduce voluntary ethanol drinking behavior in male C57BL/6J mice: R.K. Sajja & S. Rahman; Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 35, 257 (2011)
Cytisine improves smoking cessation: W. Osman; Thorax (Epub ahead of print) (2011)
Cytisine: a natural product lead for the development of drugs acting at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: E.G. Perez, et al.; Nat. Prod. Rep. 29, 555 (2012) (Review)