Technical Data
A0570-02
Acid Sensitive Ion Channel 1(ASIC1, BNAC 2)
Description:
Tissue acidosis that occurs in ischemia, tissue damage or inflammation is accompanied by pain. Proton-gated cation channels are activated by low pH in nociceptive neurons. H+-gated channels are members of the NaC/DEG superfamily that include: (1) Amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channels (a, b, and g, and d-ENaC subunits); (2) A FMRFamide-gated channel (FaNaC), (3) and mechanosensory channel proteins of nematode degenerins (DEG). NaC/DEG superfamily is characterized by intracellular N and C-termini, two transmembrane domains, and a large extracellular loop. All members of this family are selective for Na+ and blocked by amiloride.

The mammalian homolog of degenerins (MDEG or MDEG1; now designated ASIC for Acid Sensing Ion Channels). Three are at least three distinct proteins in ASIC family: ASIC1 (identical with human BNAC2 or BNC2), expressed in brain and dorsal root ganglions (DRG) cells, is activated by pH <7.0. A splice variant of rat ASIC, ASIC-beta, is expressed only in a subset of small and large diameter sensory neurons and absent in sympathetic neurons and CNS. MDEG1/ASIC2, 67% identity with ASIC1, requires more acidic pH than ASIC1 and has slower activation kinetic. MDEG2/ASIC2b), a splice variant of MDEG1, is expressed in both brain and sensory neurons. MDEG2 is activated neither by mutations nor low pH. However, it acts as modulatory subunit when associated with MDEG1 and another H+-activated channel, DRASIC/ASIC3 (Dorsal Root ganglion ASIC). DRASIC is specific for sensory neurons. In response to a drop in pH, DRASIC gives rise to a biphasic currents with poor discrimination between Na+ and K+. This sustained current may be important in pain sensation.

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Western Blot: 1-10ug/ml (ECL)
ELISA: 0.5-1ug/ml using 5-10ug control peptide/ug
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Control Peptide: A0570-03

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. For long-term storage, store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
50ug4C (-20C Glycerol)Blue IceRatRabbit
Concentration:
~1mg/ml
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide sequence 20aa sequence near the extracellular, N-terminus, of rat ASIC1 (KLH coupled).
Purity:
Purified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in 100mM Tris, pH 7.5, 0.2% BSA, 0.05% sodium azide, 40% glycerol.
Specificity:
Recognizes Acid Sensitive Ion Channel 1. No significant sequence homology is detected with other ASIC-beta or other ASICs. Species Sequence Homology: Human: 100%.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1.Waldmann, R., et al. (1997) Nature 386: 173-177. 2. Garcia-Anoveros, J., et al. (1997) PNAS 94: 1459-1464. 3. Waldmann, R., et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271: 10433.