Technical Data
A0576
Acid Sensitive Ion Channel 3 (ASIC3, DRASIC, Dorsal Root Ganglion ASIC)
Description:
Tissue acidosis that occurs in ischemia, tissue damage or inflammation is accompanied by pain. Proton-gated cation channels are activated by low pH in nociceptive neurons. H+ -gated channels are members of the NaC/DEG superfamily that include: (1) Amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channels (a, b, g, and d-ENaC subunits); (2) A FMRF amide-gated channel (FaNaC); (3) and mechanosensory channel proteins of nematode degenerins (DEG). NaC/DEG superfamily is characterized by intracellular N and C-termini, two transmembrane domains, and a large extracellular loop. All members of this family are selective for Na+ and blocked by amiloride.

The mammalian homolog of degenerins (MDEG or MDEG1) is now designated ASIC for Acid Sensing Ion Channels. Three are at least three distinct proteins in ASIC family. ASIC1 (identical with human BNAC2 or BNC2) is expressed in brain and dorsal root ganglions (DRG) cells. It is activated by pH < 7.0. A splice variant of rat ASIC, ASIC-beta, is expressed only in a subset of small and large diameter sensory neurons. It is absent in sympathetic neurons and CNS. MDEG1/ASIC2 is 67% identity with ASIC1. It requires more acidic pH than ASIC1. It has slower activation kinetic. MDEG2/ASIC2b is a splice variant of MDEG1. It is expressed in both brain and sensory neurons. MDEG2 is activated neither by mutations nor low pH. It acts as modulatory subunit when associated with MDEG1 and another H+ -activated channel, DRASIC/ASIC3 (Dorsal Root ganglion ASIC). DRASIC is specific for sensory neurons. In response to a drop in pH, DRASIC gives rise to a biphasic currents with poor discrimination between Na+ and K+. This sustained current may be important in pain sensation.

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Western Blot: 1-10ug/ml (ECL).
ELISA: 0.5-1ug/ml. Coat ELISA plates at 1ug/ml with Control Peptide.

Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Control Peptide: A0576-06

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. For long-term storage, store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
50ug4C (-20C Glycerol)Blue IceRatRabbit
Concentration:
~1mg/ml
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide 21aa sequence near the cytoplasmic C-terminus of rat DRASIC (KLH coupled).
Purity:
Purified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.4, 0.1% BSA, 0.1% sodium azide, 40% glycerol.
Specificity:
Recognizes rat Acid Sensitive Ion Channel 3 (ASIC3), Dorsal Root Ganglion ASIC (DRASIC). No significant sequence homology with other ASICs. Species sequence homology: human: 95%; human testis specific DRASIC homolog hTNaCl: 90%.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Waldmann, R., et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272: 20975-20978. 2. deWeille, J.R., et al. (1998) FEBS Lett. 433: 257-260. 3. Ishibashi, K., et al. (1998) BBRC 245: 589-593.