Technical Data
C0115-02Q
Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP)
Description:
The calcitonin family of bioactive peptides comprises of calcitonin, amylin, two calcitonin-gene related peptides (CGRP1, and CGRP2) and adrenomedullin (ADM). Calcitonin is 32 aa peptide found in the parafollicular "C" cells of the thyroid in mammals. It is also found in a number of non-mammals. It regulated the mineral (calcium and phosphate) balance. Calcitonin causes hypercalcemia by acting as an inhibitor of osteoclast induced bone resorption. CGRP is a 37-aa peptide produced by tissue specific processing of the calcitonin gene. Calcitonin is the major product in the thyroid, whereas CGRP is the major product in neural tissues. CGRP is a potent cardiovascular agent. It has structural similarity with amylin. CGRP is found in two isoforms (CGRP-I and CGRP-II) that differs only by 3 amino acids. Amylin is a 37-aa peptide produced in the pancreatic beta-cell secretory granules and is co-released with insulin. Amylin also has CGRP-like effects on bone metabolism. Amylin has specific binding sites in the CNS and it may regulate gastric emptying and influence carbohydrate metabolism. Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a 52-aa hypotensive peptide. It has structural similarity with CGRP and amylin. ADM is produced in peripheral tissues, adrenal medulla, lung, and kidney. ADM has specific receptors on astrocytes and it is unregulated in ischaemia. The calcitonin family peptides probably act through G-protein coupled membrane receptors. Recently, a homolog of calcitonin receptor, CRLR (calcitonin-receptor-like receptor human 461 aa; rat/mouse 463 aa) was identified. It is now shown that CRLR can function as either a CGRP receptor or an ADM receptor, depending upon which members of a new family of proteins called receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMP1-3) are expressed. 

Applications:
Western Blot: 1-10ug/ml using ECL technique.
ELISA: 0.5-1ug/ml; Control peptide can be used to coat ELISA plates at 1ug/ml.

Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C. Reconstitute with sterile ddH2O or PBS. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Reconstituted product is stable for 12 months at -20°C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
100ul-20°CBlue IceHumanRabbit
Concentration:
As reported
Immunogen:
19aa peptide of human CGRP. Location: ~N-terminus. Species Sequence Homology: Conserved in various species including equine, sheep, porcine, canine, rat, bovine, frog, monkey, zebra fish (84-95%).
Purity:
Purified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a lyophilized powder from PBS, 0.05% sodium azide. Reconstitute with 100ul sterile PBS.
Specificity:
Recognizes human CGRP. There is just 1aa change between human CGRP1 and CGRP2. Significant sequence homology is also found with amylin. However, no significant sequence homology is detected with calcitonin or adrenomedullin.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
(1)  Steenbergh et al (1986) FEBS Lett. 209, 97-103;  Petermann JB et al (1987) JBC 262, 542-545;  Wimalwamsa SJ et al (1990) BBRC 167, 993-1000; Kitamura k et al (1992) BBRC 185, 134-141; McLatchie LM et al (1998) Nature 393, 333-339; Nagae T et al (2000) BBRC 270, 89-93; Husmann, K et al (2000); Mol Cell Endocrinol (2000) 162, 35-43.