Technical Data
C2096-86
Catestatin
Description:
Catestatin is a 21-amino acid residue, cationic and hydrophobic peptide that is formed endogenously by proteolytic cleavage of its precursor chromogranin A, a major protein co-stored and co-released with catecholamines from the storage vesicles in adrenal chromaffin cells and adrenergic neurons. This peptide exhibits potent catecholamine release-inhibitory activity by acting on the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. It also stimulates histamine release from mast cells via heterotrimeric G-proteins in a receptor-independent manner. Plasma levels of catestatin are diminished not only in hypertensive patients but also in their still-normotensive offspring, indicating its role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Consistently, exogenous catestatin rescues hypertension in chromogranin A knockout mice and diminishes blood pressure responses to activation of sympathetic outflow in rats. These hypotensive actions of catestatin may be caused directly by autocrine inhibition of catecholamine release from the sympathoadrenal system and indirectly by paracrine stimulation of the potent vasodilator histamine release from mast cells. Recently, three human variants of catestatin displaying differential potencies for inhibition of catecholamine secretion have been identified. One of these variants (Gly364Ser) causes increased baroreceptor sensitivity, increased cardiac parasympathetic activity, and decreased cardiac sympathetic activity, and it seems to alter the risk for hypertension. These cardiovascular effects may have resulted by action of this peptide in the baroreceptor centre of the nucleus tractus solitarius. Thus, accumulating evidence documents the endogenous peptide catestatin as a novel regulator of cardiac function and blood pressure.

Applications:
Suitable for use in Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Immunohistochemistry (formalin-fixed paraffin): 1:500
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Positive Control:
Human adrenal medullary & pancreas tissue

Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20C. Stable for 12 months at -20C. Reconstitute with sterile ddH2O. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Reconstituted product is stable for 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGSerum
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
100ul-20CBlue IceHumanRabbit
Concentration:
Not determined
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide corresponding to human Catestatin.
Purity:
Serum
Form
Supplied as a lyophilized powder. Reconstitute with sterile dH2O.
Specificity:
Recognizes human Catestatin. Species crossreactivity: rat.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Mahapatra, N.R., Cardiovasc. Res. 80(3): 330-338 (2008).