Technical Data
Media
Dulbecco’s MEM (DMEM) Ham’s F-12 w/HEPES, NaHCO3, w/o Amino Acids (Powder)
D9811-01
Cell Culture Grade
Storage RT/4°C    Shipping RT
Components shown as mg/liter
Inorganic Salts:
Calcium Chloride•2H20154.520
Cupric Sulfate•5H2O 0.0013
Ferric Nitrate•9H2O0.050
Ferrous Sulfate•7H2O0.420
Magnesium Chloride 28.570
Magnesium Sulfate48.830
Potassium Chloride311.830
Sodium Bicarbonate1200.000
Sodium Chloride6999.500
Sodium Phosphate Dibasic 71.060
Sodium Phosphate Monobasic54.350
Zinc Sulfate•7H2O0.432
Amino Acids:
L-Alanine-
L-Arginine-
L-Asparagine•H2O-
L-Aspartic Acid-
L-Cysteine•HCI•H2O -
L-Cystine•2HCI -
L-Glutamic Acid -
L-Glutamine-
Glycine-
L-Histidine HCl•H2O -
L-Isoleucine -
L-Leucine-
L-Lysine•HCI-
L-Methionine-
L-Phenylalanine-
L-Proline-
L-Serine-
L-Threonine-
L-Tryptophan-
L-Tyrosine•2Na•2H20 -
L-Valine-
Vitamins:
Biotin0.004
Choline Chloride8.980
Vitamin B120.679
Folic Acid2.660
i-Inositol0.013
Nicotinamide2.018
D-Pantothenic Acid•Ca2.120
Pyridoxal HCI2.000
Pyridoxine HCI 0.031
Riboflavin0.219
Thiamine HCI2.170
Other:
Thymidine0.365
D-Glucose3150.000
HEPES Free Acid3574.000
Hypoxanthine, Sodium2.100
Linoleic Acid0.042
Lipoic Acid0.105
Phenol Red8.305
Putrescine•2HCl 0.081
Sodium Pyruvate 55.050
Total:15.68g/liter
Dulbecco’s MEM is the most widely used modification of BME. It contains a 4-fold higher concentration of amino acids and vitamins. Non-essential amino acids and certain essential trace elements were added. The bicarbonate concentration was increased. The standard formula for DMEM is with 1000mg/ml glucose. DMEM “High Glucose“ with 4500mg/ml aides in the cultivation of certain cell types. DMEM was originally developed for the culture of mice embryonic cells. Today, it finds a broad application of serum free culture of normal and transformed mouse and chicken cells.

Ham's Nutrient Mixtures were originally developed to support growth of several clones of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, of HeLa and of mouse L-cells. Ham’s mixtures were formulated for use with or without serum supplementation, depending on the cell type being cultured. Ham’s F-12 was developed for growth of primary rat hepatocytes and rat prostate epithelial cells. It is also used in a clonal toxicity assay using CHO cells.


Directions per Liter: Dissolve 15.68g in 800-900ml of ddH2O, stirring gently until completely solubilized. Adjust pH of the medium to 0.1-0.3 pH unit below the desired level. Add additional water to bring the solution to 1L. Filter-sterilize using a 0.22 micron membrane filter. Aliquot into sterile containers. Do not autoclave. Contains heat-labile compounds that can be damaged with autoclaving.

Storage and Stability: Store powdered media at RT. Opened bottles should be capped tightly and kept in a dark, low humidity environment. Prepared media should be kept at 4°C and used within a short period of time.

Appearance: Off white to light orange, homogeneous, free flowing powder

Solubility: Orange, clear, complete

pH: As reported

Endotoxin: 1EU/ml


Important Note: This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.

1. Barnes, D., Sato, G. Analytical Biochemistry 102: 255-270 (1980). 2. Dulbecco, R., Freeman, G., Virology 8: 396-397 (1959). 3. Smith, J.D., Freeman, G., Vogt, M., Dulbecco, R., The Nucleic Acid of Polyoma Virus 12: 185-196 (1960). 4. Morton, H.J., A Survey of Commercially Available Tissue Culture Media. In Vitro. 6: 89 (1970). 5. Rutzky, L.P., Pumper, R.Q., Supplement to a Survey of Commercially Available Tissue Culture Media. In Vitro 9: 468 (1974).