Technical Data
E2291-40E
EndoG (Endonuclease G, Mitochondrial, Endo G)
Description:
The fragmentation of nuclear DNA is a hallmark of apoptotic cell death. The activities of caspase and nuclease are involved in the DNA fragmentation. Caspase-activated deoxyribonuclease (CAD), also termed DNA fragmentation factor (DFF40), is one such nuclease, and is capable of inducing DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation after cleavage by caspase-3 of its inhibitor ICAD/DFF45. Caspase and CAD independent DNA fragmentation also exists. Recent studies demonstrated that another nuclease, endonuclease G (endoG), is specifically activated by apoptotic stimuli and is able to induce nucleosomal fragmentation of DNA independently of caspase and DFF/CAD. EndoG is a mitochondrion-specific nuclease that translocates to the nucleus and cleaves chromatin DNA during apoptosis. The homologue of mammalian EndoG is the first mitochondrial protein identified to be involved in apoptosis in C. elegans.

Applications:
Suitable for use in Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Western Blot: 1-2ug/ml
Immunohistochemistry (paraffin): 15ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Positive Control:
HepG2 and 3T3 cell lysates

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
50ug-20CBlue IceHumanRabbit
Concentration:
As reported
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide corresponding to human EndoG.
Purity:
Purified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.02% sodium azide.
Specificity:
Recognizes human EndoG. Species Crossreactivity: mouse and rat.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Li LY, Luo X, Wang X. Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature. 2001;412(6842):95-9. 2. Parrish J, Li L, Klotz K, Ledwich D, Wang X, Xue D. Mitochondrial endonuclease G is important for apoptosis in C. elegans. Nature. 2001;412(6842):90-4. 3. Hengartner, 4. Widlak P, Li LY, Wang X, Garrard WT. Action of recombinant human apoptotic endonuclease G on naked DNA and chromatin substrates: cooperation with exonuclease and DNase I. J Biol Chem. 2001;276(51):48404-9. 5. Tiranti V, Rossi E, Ruiz-Carrillo A, Rossi G, Rocchi M, DiDonato S, Zuffardi O, Zeviani M. Chromosomal localization of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TCF6), single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSBP), and endonuclease G (ENDOG), three human housekeeping genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis. Genomics. 1995;25(2):559-64. (WD0204).