Technical Data
H1827-55M3
HDAC4 (Histone Deacetylase 4, HD4, KIAA0288)
Description:
DNA is wrapped around histone proteins to form nucleosomes and chromatin fiber, a higher-order structure. Chromatin can become alternatively revealed to or concealed from transcription factors. Acetylation of lysine residues induces conformational changes in core histones by destabilizing nucleosomes and allowing transcription factors access to recognition elements in DNA. Deacetylation of histones by histone deacetylases (HDACs) reseals the chromosomal package, leading to a repression of transcription. HDAC4 does not bind DNA directly, but rather through MEF2C and MEF2D. Binding of the N terminus of HDAC4 to MEF2C represses MEF2C transcription activity. The catalytic domain of HDAC4 interacts with HDAC3 via the transcriptional corepressor NCOR2. Experimental conditions leading to the suppression of HDAC4 binding to NCOR2 and to HDAC3 result in loss of enzymatic activity associated with HDAC4, indicating regulation of transcription by bridging the enzymatically active NCOR2-HDAC3 complex and select transcription factors. HDAC4 and MITR contain calmodulin-binding domains that overlap with their MEF2 binding domains. Binding of calmodulin to HDAC4 leads to its dissociation from MEF2, relieving MEF2 from the transcriptional repression by HDAC4. Together, HDAC4, MITR, and CABIN1 constitute a family of calcium-sensitive transcriptional repressors of MEF2. In murine studies, HDAC4, which is expressed in prehypertrophic chondrocytes, interacts with and inhibits the activity of Runx2 in mice, a transcription factor necessary for chondrocyte hypertrophy, establishing HDAC4 as a central regulator of chondrocyte hypertrophy and skeletogenesis.

Applications:
Suitable for use in Western Blot, Immunoprecipitation and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Western Blot: 5ug/ml
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin fixed paraffin embedded): 5ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
50ug-20CBlue IceHumanRabbit
Concentration:
~0.5mg/ml
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide corresponding to aa194-209 of human HDAC4 (KLH).
Purity:
Purified by Protein G affinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.05% BSA, 0.05% sodium azide.
Specificity:
Recognizes human HDAC4. Species sequence homology: Mouse.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.