Technical Data
H5110-12
Histone H3
Description:
Autoantibodies to histone antigens have been described in patients with idiopathic and drug-induced SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, and other conditions. The presence of autoantibodies to histones are frequently found in several rheumatic disorders (1). In one study, the predominant responses to histones in SLE sera were to H1, H2b, and H3. Marked elevations of binding occurred to H1 and H2b in 33% of patients, while 25% showed higher binding to H3 (2). The same study showed the highest anti-histone reactivity to be in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with vasculitis, while the highest reactivity in SLE sera was in those patients with a history of photosensitivity (3).

In diploid eukaryotic cells, the chromatin fibers are about 20nM in diameter. They consist of two major components in equal amounts, DNA and basic proteins called histones. The histones are a group of water and dilute acid soluble basic proteins found associated with DNA in chromosomes. They are characterized by relatively high levels of lysine and arginine. Although histones are classified into a limited number of types of fractions (see below) with each particular fraction having a fundamentally distinct amino acid composition and sequence, numerous subfractions are observed due to the acetylation, methylation, and phosphorylation of various amino acid residues. Microheterogeneity or alteration of structure is dynamic such that the histones of a single cell type are found to vary during development. They are believed to play a role in gene activity and cellular metabolism. Histones are believed to be regularly arranged in the deep groove of the DNA helix. The recurring positive charges of the histones form electrostatic associations with the negatively charged phosphate groups of DNA making the DNA more stable and flexible. This allows for the supercoiling of the chromatin fibers.

With the exception of H1, the primary structures of the calf thymus histones have been determined. Comparisons with the structures for histones from other sources indicate that the histones rank among the most highly conserved (low mutation rate) proteins in nature.

Molecular Weights of Histones:
Lysine Rich (H1, f1): ~ 21,500
Slightly Lysine Rich (H2a, f2a2): 14,004
Slightly Lysine Rich (H2b, f2b): 13,774
Arginine Rich (H3, f3): 15,324
Arginine Rich (H4, f2a1): 11,282

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot and Immunoprecipitation. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. For long-term storage, store at -20C. Stable for at least 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
100ug4C (-20C Glycerol)Blue IceBovineSheep
Concentration:
~1mg/ml
Immunogen:
Histone 3, calf whole protein complexed to ribosomal RNA.
Purity:
Purified by Protein A affinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS before the addition of glycerol to 40%. No preservative added.
Specificity:
Recognizes bovine Histone-H-3: 100%. Very low crossreactivity with Histone-H-core. Does not crossreact with Histone-H-1, Histone-H-2b or Histone-H-4.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.