Technical Data
L2496-02
Lipase
Description:
Pancreatic lipase (PL) is an organ-specific enzyme which is formed by the pancreas and is secreted into the pancreatic duct. In the small intestine it hydrolyzes the exogenous triglycerides. Pancreas lipase is activated by bile acid and colipase. Increased activity of pancreatic lipase in serum/plasma is indicative for a disease of the exocrine pancreas. The analysis of the pancreatic lipase acitivity in serum/plasma in the presence of upper abdominal symptons is helpful for differential diagnosis. In acute pancreatitis and/or recurrent attacks in chronic pancreatitis patients, the pancreatic lipase increases ~3-6 hours after onset of the pain and is used for monitoring the course of the disease. Human hepatic lipase (HL) is a member of a superfamily of lipases and phospholipases (EC 3.1.1.3) Human HL is synthesized primarily in the liver and is secreted into hepatic sinusoids where it becomes associated with surface of hepatocytes and endothelial cells. Deficiency in hepatic lipase in human subjects is associated with premature atherosclerosis and elevated concentrations of plasma triglyceride. It is thought that human hepatic lipase anchored on the liver cell surface may act as a ligand facilitating receptor-mediated endocytosis. But mechanisms whereby surface association of human hepatic lipase is achieved are not fully understood. The sequences within the carboxyl-terminal 73 amino acids are important for surface binding of human hepatic lipase. It has been hypothesized that four basic amino acids (K472, R473, K474 and R476) located at the carboxyl-terminal region play a critical role. It is thought that substituting the basic amino acid residues with alanine will impair HSPG binding of hepatic lipase and alter its function in facilitating remnant lipoprotein uptake via receptor-mediated endocytosis. Pancreatic lipase (PL), one of the exocrine enzymes of pancreatic juice, catalyzes the hydrolysis of emulsified esters of glycerol and long chain fatty acids. The substrate is not a single molecule but a nonaqueous phase of aggregated lipid (Brockerhoff and Jensen 1974). The operative substrate characteristic is aggregates of ester molecules, micelles or monomolecular film, interfacing an aqueous medium. Enzyme activity is directly related to the concentration of substrate molecules on the interface (Esposito et al. 1973; Lagocki et al. 1973). PL attacks the primary ester groups most readily. Monoglycerides are poor substrates (it is the 2-monoglycerides that are absorbed through the intestinal wall and reformed into lymph chylomicrons). Pancreatic lipases have been thoroughly reviewed by Brockerhoff and Jensen (1974), and Desnuelle (1972). Lieberman and Ollis (1975) have reported on lipase immobilized on stainless steel and polyacrylamide beads. Using a fluidized bed recycle reactor it is indicated that enzyme-substrate affinity is not altered.

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA. Other applications have not been tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. For long-term storage and to avoid repeated freezing and thawing, add sterile glycerol (40-50%), aliquot and store at -20C or colder. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
MabIgG11.BB.985Affinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
200ug4C (-20C Glycerol)Blue IceHumanMouse
Concentration:
~1mg/ml
Immunogen:
Human pancreatic lipase (purified)
Purity:
Purified by Protein G affinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.4. No preservative added.
Specificity:
Recognizes Human pancreatic lipase. Species Crossreactivity: Predicted to crossreact with porcine, rat and mouse based on extensive sequence homology.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.