Technical Data
M4470-29B
Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (MCT4)
Description:
Monocarboxylate such as lactate and pyruvate play an important role in cellular metabolism. Lactic acid is produced as the end product of glycolysis. Some tissues, such as white skeletal muscle and, red blood cells, use this pathway to generate most of their ATP under normal physiological conditions. All tissues become dependent on this pathway during abnormal conditions such as hypoxia and ischaemia. Lactic acid, produced during normal glycolysis, must be transported out of cells to sustain maintain high rate of glycolysis. Failure to export lactic acid leads to accumulation of cellular lactic acid followed by an increase in pH and inhibition of glycolysis. Some tissues, such as brain, heart, and red skeletal muscle, readily oxidize lactic acid, and must import lactic acid into the cells. Lactic acid transport is mediated by a group of proton-linked membrane transporters called monocarboxylic acid transporters (MCTs). At least 9 MCT-related proteins (MCT1-9) have been identified in mammals that are expressed in a tissue specific manner. MCT4/MOT4/SLC16A3 (mouse 470-aa, rat 471-aa, human 465-aa; chromosome 17q25) is most closely related to MCT3, is prominently expressed in skeletal muscle and other cells with a high glycolytic rate such as tumor cells and white blood cells, suggesting an important role in lactic acid efflux. According to new nomenclature, the old MCT3 has now been reclassified as MCT4. This antibody has previously been listed as MCT31-S. Please consult the main MCT page for a detailed nomenclature.

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA, Immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilutions:
Western Blot: 1-5ug/ml using ECL
ELISA: 1:10,000-1:100,000 using 50-100ng of control peptide/well. (Catalog #M4470-29C)
Immunohistochemistry: 5-10ug Paraformaldehyde fixed.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGAffinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
50ug-20CBlue IceRatRabbit
Concentration:
~1mg/ml
Immunogen:
Synthetic peptide corresponding to 19aa near the C-terminal, cytoplasmic domain of rat MCT, conjugated to KLH. Species Sequence Homology: mouse, human 100%, chicken 78%.
Purity:
Purified by immunoaffinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, pH 7.4, 0.1% BSA
Specificity:
Recognizes rat Monocarboxylate Transporter 4. No significant sequence homology exists with other MCTs.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
US Biological application references: 1. Wang, Q. and Morris, M.E. (2007) Mol. Pharm. 35:1393-1399. 2. Wang, Q. et al., (2006) Mol. Pharm. 3:675-685. 1. Brauchi S 2004, Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 288, 523-534, IHC 2. Wilson MC et al (1998) JBC 273, 15920-15926; 3. Price NT et al (1998) Biochem. J. 329, 321-328 (review); 4. Halestrap AP and Price NT (1999) Biochem J. 343, 281-299 (review).