Technical Data
P9053-28
Prostaglandin E Synthase (PGE Synthase)
Description:
The prostanoid family includes PGD2, PGE2, PGF2alpha, PGI2, thromboxane A2 and prostaglandins. The prostaglandins (PGs) are implicated in various physiological and pathophysiological events, including male fertility, menstruation, ovulation, pregnancy, implantation, and inflamatory and neoplastic diseases. The biosynthesis of PGs and some other prostanoids, is catalyzed in a rate limiting step by PG-H synthase (also known as cyclooxygenase (COX), PG-endoperoxidase synthase (PTGS)) which converts arachiodonic acid to prostaglandin/prostanoid precursor PGH2. Two cyclooxygenase isozymes, COX1 (human, 576aa, 69-72kD; chromosome 9) and COX2 (human, 604aa, 74kD; chromosome 1) have been identified. COX1, a constitutively expressed isoform, produces physiologically relevant prostanoids such as those in stomach and platelets. COX2 isoform is inducible and rapidly upregulated at inflamation sites and forms proinflamatory prostanoids. The overexpression of COX-2 also leads to tumerogenesis. Recently, a third isoform COX3 (canine 633aa; ~65kD in human aorta) has been reported. Two smaller COX1-derived proteins (partial COX1) PCOX1a (canine 414aa, ~53kD in human aorta) and PCOX1b have also been characterized. The COX3, but not PCOX1a, possesses glycosylation dependent cyclooxygenase activity. The nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce the formation of prostaglandins by inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenases (COX1, COX2 and COX3). This ability was associated with inhibition of COX, which converts arachidonic acid to the prostaglandin precursor prostaglandin H2.

Applications:
Suitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilutions:
Western Blot: 1:1000 with ECL. Incubate with P9053-28 for 2 hours, secondary antibody for 1 hour. Exposure time is 45 seconds. For alkaline phosphatase detection use lower dilutions. Extensive washing of transfer membrane is required to reduce non-specific background binding effects.
Optimum dilutions to be determined by researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGSerum
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
100ul-20CBlue IceHumanRabbit
Concentration:
Not Determined
Immunogen:
Human membrane bound prostaglandin E synthase.
Purity:
Serum
Form
Supplied as a liquid in DPBS.
Specificity:
Recognizes human membrane bound PGE synthase. Does not recognize cytosolic PGE.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
US Biological Application Reference: 1. Chabane, N., et al., J. Cell. Biochem. 106: 453-463 (2009).