Technical Data
P9102-33
Protein C
Description:
Protein C (PC) is a vitamin K-dependent glycoprotein produced in the liver. The concentration of PC in plasma is ~4ug/ml (~60nM). A deficiency of Protein C (quantitative or qualitative) is a risk factor for vascular thrombosis. Protein C is expressed as a two-chain molecule with a molecular weight of 62kD. The light chain (21kD) of PC consists of two EGF-like domains and an amino-terminal domain containing one hydroxyaspartic acid and 11 g-carboxyglutamic acid (gla) residues. These residues allow PC to bind to membranes that contain acidic phospholipids in a calcium dependent manner. The heavy chain of PC (41kD) consists of the catalytic domain and an activation peptide. Activation of Protein C results from cleavage at residue Arg12 in the heavy chain by a complex of thrombin and a cell surface cofactor thrombomodulin. The activation of PC is associated with the release of a small activation peptide (2-3kD, called Protein C peptide, or PCP) from the N-terminal of the heavy chain. Activated Protein C (APC) is a serine protease with anticoagulant activity. APC, in complex with a phospholipid membrane, calcium and the Protein S cofactor, exhibits anticoagulant activity through the proteolytic inactivation of coagulation cofactors Va and VIIIa. The primary inhibitor of APC activity in plasma is Protein C Inhibitor (PCI, also called Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-3, PAI-3) and to a lesser extent by alpha1-antitrypsin and alpha2-macroglobulin. The inhibitory activity of PCI is stimulated approximately 10 fold by heparin (1-3).

Application:
Suitable for use for ELISA, Immunodiffusion and Immunoelectrophoresis. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C for short-term only. For long-term storage, store at -20C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
PabIgGPurified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
1mg4C (-20C Glycerol)Blue IceHumanSheep
Concentration:
~10mg/ml
Immunogen:
Human Protein C (PC) purified from plasma.
Purity:
Purified by caprylic acid and ammonium sulfate precipitations, and solid -phase adsorption to remove unwanted crossreactivity.
Form
Supplied in 10mM HEPES, pH 7.4, 0.15M sodium chloride, 50% glycerol.
Specificity:
Specific for Protein C as demonstrated by immunoelectrophoresis and ELISA.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.