Technical Data
T9160-20C
Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha, Recombinant, Rat (TNFa)
5ug
20ug
100ug
Growth Factors, Cytokines Storage: -70CShipping: Blue Ice
TNF is secreted by macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, T-cells, NK-cells following their stimulation by bacterial LPS. Cells expressing CD4 secrete TNF-alpha while CD8 cells secrete little or no TNF-alpha. The synthesis of TNF-alpha is induced by many different stimuli including interferons, IL2, GM-CSF.

Recombinant rat TNF-alpha produced in E. coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 157 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 17339.44D.

Biological Activity: Rat TNF-alpha is fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by the cytolysis of murine L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D is < 0.05ng/ml, corresponding to a Specific Activity of 5x10e7 IU/mg.

AA Sequence:
MLRSSSQNSS DKPVVHVVAN HQAEEQLEWL SQRANALLAN GMDLKDNQLV VPADGLYLIY SQVLFKGQGC PDYVLLTHTV SRFATSYQEK VSLLSAIKSP CPKDTPEGAE LKPWYEPMYL GGVSQLEKGD LLSAEVNLPK YLDITESGQV YFGVIAL

Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20C. Stable for 12 months at -20C. Reconstitute with sterile ddH2O, aliquot and store at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.

Molecular Weight:
17.4kD
Source: E. coli
Purity: ~95% Analysis by RP-HPLC; Reducing and non-reducing SDS-PAGE.
Form: Supplied as a lyophilized powder. Reconstitute with sterile dH2O PBS to 0.1-1mg/ml, which can be further diluted into other aqueous solutions.

Important Note: This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
1. Anti-TNFA (TNF-alpha) treatment abrogates radiation-induced changes in vacular density and tissue oxygenation. Radiat Res 2007 Jan;167(1):80-6
2. The pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, inhibit intestinal alkaline phosphatase gene expression. DNA Cell Biol 2006 Dec;25(12):684-95
3. Association of adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin TNF-alpha), insulin and proinsulin with diabetes--the Mumbai Obesity Project [MOP]. J Assoc Physicians India 2006 Sep;54:689-96
4. Augmented lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha production by peritoneal macrophages in type 2 diabetic mice is dependent on elevated glucose and requires p38 MAPK. J Immunol 2007 Jan 15;178(2):663-70
5. TNF-alpha, soluble TNF receptor and interleukin-6 plasma levels in the general population. Eur Cytokine Netw 2006 Sep;17(3):196-201
6. The effects of TNF alpha inhibition on plasma fibrinolytic balance in patients with chronic inflammatory rheumatical disorders. Clin Exp Rheumatol 2006 Sep-Oct;24(5):580-3

Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.