Technical Data
West Nile Virus, Envelope (West Nile Virus E Protein, WNV Envelope Protein, Envelope Protein, Genome Polyprotein, Major Envelope Protein E, WNVgp1)
West Nile Virus (WNV) is a member of the Flaviviridae, a plus-stranded virus family that includes St. Louis encephalitis virus, yellow fever virus, and Dengue virus. WNV was initially isolated in 1937 in the West Nile region of Uganda and has become prevalent in Africa, Asia, and Europe. It has rapidly spread across the United States with cases being observed in every continental state (reviewed in 1). Virus particles consist of a dense core made up of the core/capsid protein encapsulating the RNA genome surrounded by a membrane envelope embedded with envelope and matrix proteins (1). While the viral core protein is thought to contribute to the WNV-associated inflammation via apoptosis induced though the caspase-9 pathway (2), the highly glycosylated envelope protein plays a major role for WNV entry into target cells as this entry can be inhibited by using a recombinant domain III from the envelope glycoprotein (3). The WNV receptor has recently been identified as alpha v beta 3 integrin (4).

Suitable for use in ELISA. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at 4C. Do not freeze. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
100ug4C Do Not FreezeBlue IceRabbit
As Reported
Synthetic peptide corresponding to 15 amino acids near the center of the WNV Envelope protein (NP_776014).
Purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation.
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.02% sodium azide.
Recognizes WNV Envelope protein.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Gould LH and Fikrig E. West Nile virus: a growing concern? J. Clin. Invest. 2004; 113:1102-7. 2. Yang JS, Ramanathan MP, Muthumani K, et al. Induction of inflammation by West Nile Virus capsid through the caspase-9 apoptotic pathway. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2002; 8:1379-84. 3. Chu JJ, Rajamanonmani R, Li J, et al. Inhibition of West Nile virus entry by using a recombinant domain III from the envelope glycoprotein. J. Gen. Virol. 2005; 86:405-12. 4. Chu JJ and Ng ML. Interaction of West Nile virus with alpha v beta 3 integrin mediates virus entry into cells. J. Biol. Chem. 2004; 279:54533-41.