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You are here:Home » Antibodies » Abs to Centromeres » Anti -CENP-T (Centromere Protein T)

Anti -CENP-T (Centromere Protein T)

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Specifications

Clone Host Grade Applications
Polyclonal Rabbit Affinity Purified B
Modulation of chromatin structure plays a critical role in the regulation of transcription and replication of the eukaryotic genome. The nucleosome, made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4), is the primary building block of chromatin. In addition to the growing number of post-translational histone modifications regulating chromatin structure, cells can also exchange canonical histones with variant histones that can directly or indirectly modulate chromatin structure (1). CENP-A, also known as the chromatin-associated protein CSE4 (capping-enzyme suppressor 4-p), is an essential histone H3 variant that replaces canonical histone H3 in centromeric heterochromatin (2). The greatest divergence between CENP-A and canonical histone H3 occurs in the amino-terminal tail of the protein, which binds linker DNA between nucleosomes and facilitates proper folding of centromeric heterochromatin (3). The amino-terminal tail of CENP-A is also required for recruitment of other centromeric proteins (CENP-C, hSMC1, hZW10), proper kinetochore assembly, and chromosome segregation during mitosis (4).CENP-A is regarded as the epigenetic mark of the centromere that persists through cell generations (5). Although its presence is necessary, it is not sufficient for formation of functional kinetochores (6). CENP-T, in complex with CENP-W, has recently been shown to form a histone fold, a structure that is capable of association with DNA, and target DNA to the kinetochore (7). Kinetochore attachment is mediated by a long flexible N-terminal region that has been shown to interact with outer proteins of the kinetochore complex (reviewed in 8). Moreover, the CENP-T-W complex has also been shown to interact with the CENP-S-X dimer, to form a heterotetrameric complex that has structural and potentially functional similarity to canonical histones (8). Since CENP-S-X are conserved kinetochore localized proteins, this new complex has been suggested to be a novel centromeric histone.
Catalog #137424
ApplicationsSuitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Recommended DilutionWestern Blot: 1:1000. Incubate membrane with diluted antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween-20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and StabilityMay be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
Clone TypePolyclonal
IsotypeIgG
HostRabbit
SourceHuman
ConcentrationNot determined
FormSupplied in 10mM sodium HEPES, pH 7.5, 150mM NaCl, 100ug/ml BSA and 50% glycerol.
PurityPurified by Protein A affinity chromatography.
ImmunogenSynthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the C-terminal domain of human CENP-T.
SpecificityRecognizes endogenous levels of total human CENP-T. Species Crossreactivity: mouse, monkey.
Important NoteThis product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.


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