Technical Data
AIF (Apoptosis Inducing Factor, Harlequin, Hq, mAIF, MGC111425, MGC5706, Programmed Cell Death 8, Programmed Cell Death Protein 8 Mitochondrial Precursor, PDCD8, Striatal Apoptosis Inducing Factor)
Apoptosis is characterized by several morphological nuclear changes including chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation. These changes are triggered by the activation of members of caspase family, caspase activated DNase, and several novel proteins (1). A novel gene, the product of which causes chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation, was recently identified, cloned, and designated apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) (2). Like the critical molecules, cytochrome c and caspase-9, in apoptosis, AIF localizes in mitochondria. AIF translocates to the nucleus when apoptosis is induced and induces mitochondria to release the apoptogenic proteins cytochrome c and caspase-9. AIF induces chromatin condensation and large scale DNA fragmentation, which are the hallmarks of apoptosis, of the isolated nucleus and the nucleus in live cells by microinjection and apoptosis stimuli (2,3). AIF is highly conserved between human and mouse and widely expressed (2).

Suitable for use in Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilutions:
Western Blot: 0.25-1ug/ml. A band at ~67kD
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Positive Control:
K562 cell lysates

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4C. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at 4C. Do not freeze. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
100ug4C Do Not FreezeBlue IceHumanRabbit
Synthetic peptide corresponding to aa517-531 of human AIF. This sequence is identical to those of mouse and rat AIF.
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.02% sodium azide.
Recognizes human AIF. Species Crossreactivity: mouse and rat.
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Zamzami N, Kroemer G. Condensed matter in cell death. Nature 1999;401:127-8 2. Susin SA, Lorenzo HK, Zamzami N, et al. Molecular characterization of mitochondrial apoptosis-inducing factor. Nature 1999;397:441-6 3. Daugas E, Susin SA, Zamzami N, et al. Mitochondrio-nuclear translocation of AIF in apoptosis and necrosis. FASEB J 2000;14:729-39