Technical Data
D3916
DNA/RNA Oxidative Damage
Description:
DNA or RNA damage is due to environmental factors and normal metabolic processes inside the cell, that then hinder the ability of the cell to carry out its functions. There are four main types of DNA due to endogenous cellular processes and they are oxidation, alkylation, hydrolysis and mismatch of the bases. During the oxidation of bases, highly reactive chemical entities
collectively known as RONS, occurs. RONS stands for reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and includes nitric oxide, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide and peroxynitrite. Numerous studies have shown that RONS causes a variety of issues including DNA damage
(1). 8-hydroxyguanine, 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanonsine and 8-hydroxyguanosine are all RNA and DNA markers of oxidative damage. 8-hydroxy-2’-guanosine is produced by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species including hydroxyl radical and peroxynitrite. Specifically its high biological relevance is due to its ability to induce G to T transversions, which is one of the most frequent somatic mutations (2). 8-hydroxy-guanine has been the most frequently studied type of DNA base damage, with studies in diabetes, and cancer. Base modifications of this type arise from radical-induced hydroxylation and cleavage reactions of the purine ring (3, 4). And finally,
8-hydroxy-guanosine, like 8-hydroxy-2’-guanosine, induces a mutagenic transversion of G to T in DNA. Its role has specifically been tested in the development of diabetes, hypertension and strokes (5, 6, and 7).

Applications:
Suitable for use in ELISA and Immunoprecipitation. Other applications not tested.

Recommended Dilution:
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.

Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
TypeIsotypeCloneGrade
MabIgG2a10F696Affinity Purified
SizeStorageShippingSourceHost
25ug-20°CBlue IceMouse
Concentration:
~0.65mg/ml
Immunogen:
8-hydroxy-guanosine-BSA and–casein conjugates.
Purity:
Purified by Protein G affinity chromatography.
Form
Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.1% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.
Specificity:
Recognizes markers of oxidative damage to DNA (8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine, 8-hydroxyguanine and 8-hydroxyguanosine).
Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.
1. Kim H.W., Murakami A., Williams M.V., and Ohigashi H. (2003) Carcinogenesis 24(2): 235-241. 2. Pilger A. and Rudiger H.W. (2006) Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 80(1): 1-15. 3. Malins D.C. and Haimanot R. (1991) Cancer Res. 51(19): 5430-5432. 4. Kvam E. and Tyrrell R.M. (1997) Carcinogenesis 18(11):2281-2283. 5. Kowluru R.A., Atasi L., and Ho Y.S. (2006) Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47(4): 1594-9. 6. Bowers R. et al. (2004) Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 169(6): 764-9. 7. Cui J., Holmes E.H., Greene T.G., and Liu P.K. (2000) Faseb J. 14(7): 955-67.