Technical Data
Epigen, Recombinant, Human
Molecular Biology Storage: -20CShipping: Blue Ice
Epigen (EPGN) is an epithelial mitogen that belongs to the EGF superfamily (1-3). Human Epigen cDNA encodes a 154aa residue type I transmembrane precursor glycoprotein with a 22 aa signal peptide, an 88 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain and a 23 aa cytoplasmic domain (2, 3). The extracellular domain (aa 23-110) contains a pattern of six cysteines typical of EGF family proteins (1-3). Potential splice variants of 133, 112, 103, 94 or 73 aa, lacking either N-terminal sequence (aa 15 or 36 to 44), transmembrane and juxtamembrane sequence (aa 87 or 96 to 137), or sequences in both regions, have been described (4). In addition to potentially secreted splice variants, Epigen is among several EGF family proteins that can undergo metalloproteinase cleavage to generate a soluble form (3, 5). Cleavage of Epigen by TACE/ADAM17 has been demonstrated (5). The mature, shed form of human Epigen (aa 54-104) shares 92%, 94% and 94% aa sequence identity with mouse, rat and equine Epigen, respectively, and more than 40% aa identity with corresponding regions of TGF-a and epiregulin (2). Epigen mRNA is found in many tissues, but it is mainly expressed in actively proliferating cells within these tissues. For example, Epigen in skin is found mainly in the proliferating root sheath of hair follicles, and transgenic overexpression in the skin causes hyperplasia in sebaceous glands (3, 6). Epigen is also expressed developmentally and by invasive adenocarcinomas of the breast and prostate (3). Epigen is strongly mitogenic for epithelial cells and fibroblasts, despite its relatively weak affinity for its main receptor, ErbB1 (2, 3). The mitogenic potential of Epigen is enhanced by its unusually long persistence on the membrane before ubiquitylation and receptor-mediated depletion (3).

Recombinant corresponding to aa54-104 of human Epigen at N-terminal Met, expressed in E.coli.

Molecular Weight:

Endotoxin Level:
1EU/1ug (LAL)

Biological Activity:
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Rubin, J.S. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:415. The ED50 for this effect is typically 100-500ng/ml.

Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20C. Stable for 12 months at -20C. Reconstitute with PBS. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20C. Reconstituted product is stable for 6 months at -20C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.

Molecular Weight:
Source: E.coli
Purity: ~95% (SDS-PAGE)
Concentration: Not determined
Form: Supplied as a lyophilized powder in acetonitrile, TFA, BSA. Reconstitute with PBS to 100ug/ml, 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.

Important Note: This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of United States Biological.
1. Schneider, M.R. and E. Wolf (2010) J. Cell. Physiol. 218:460. 2. Strachan, L. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:18265. 3. Kochupurakkal, B.S. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:8503. 4. SwissProt Accession # Q6UW88. 5. Sahin, U. and C.P. Blobel 2007) FEBS Lett. 581:41. 6. Dahlhoff, M. et al. (2010) J. Invest. Dermatol. 130:623.

Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.