Synaptophysin labels normal neuroendocrine cells of human adrenal medulla, carotid body, skin, pituitary gland, thyroid, lung, pancreas, gastrointestinal mucosa, Paneth’s cells in the gastrointestinal tract and of gastric parietal cells. Neurons in the brain, spinal cord, and retina are also labeled. Anti-synaptophysin reacts with neuroendocrine neoplasms of neural as well as epithelial types e.g. neuroblastomas, ganglioneuroblastomas. ganglioneuromas, pheo-chromocytomas, chromaffin, and non-chromaffin paragangliomas. Of the epithelial types include pituitary adenomas, islet cell neoplasms, medullathyroid carcinomas, parathyroid adenomas, carcinoids of the bronchopulmonary and gastro-intestinal tracts and neuroendocrine carcinomas of the skin. In combination with anti-chromogranin A and anti-NSE, anti-synaptophysin is very useful in the identification of normal neuroendocrine cells and neuroendocrine neoplasms.
Suitable for use in Immunofluorescence microscopy and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Immunofluorescence microscopy: 1:10 with PBS, pH 7.4; Incubation Time: 1 hour at RT.
Immunohistochemistry: Frozen tissue and cytological material. No protease treatment required.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Reactivities on Cultured Cell Lines:
Rat PC-12 cell line.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4°C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20°C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. FITC conjugates are sensitive to light.
| Not Determined|
|Synaptophysin from presynaptic vesicles, prepared from bovine brain.|
|Purified by Protein A affinity chromatography.|
|Supplied as a liquid. Labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC).|
|Recognizes bovine Synaptophysin. An excellent marker for several neuroendocrine, neuronal and adrenal tumors. Neuronal and adrenal tumors such as pheochromocytomas, paragangliomas, neuroblastomas, ganglioneuroblastomas. Neuroendocrine tumors of epithelial origin: Pancreatic islet cell carcinoma, bronchial and gastrointestinal carcinoids, medullary carcinoma of thyroid. Polypeptide reacting: Mr 38,000 transmembrane glycoprotein of presynaptic vesicles. Species Crossreactivity: human, rat and mouse|
|Intended for research use only. Not for use in human, therapeutic, or diagnostic applications.|
1. Gould, V.E., Wiedenmann, B., Lee, I., Schwechheimer, K., Dockhorn-Dworniczak, B., Radosevich, J.A., Moll, R. and Franke, W.W.: Synaptophysin expression in neuroendocrine neoplasms as determined by immunocytochemistry. Am. J. Pathol. 126, 243-257 (1987). 2. Gould, V.E., Lee, I., Wiedenmann, B., Moll, R., Chejfec, G. and Franke, W.W.: Synaptophysin: A novel marker for neurons, certain neuroendocrine cells and their neoplasms. Human Pathol. 17, 979-983 (1986). 3. Gould, V.E.: Synaptophysin - A new and promising Pan-neuroendocrine marker. Arch Pathol Lab Med 111, 791-794, (1987). 4. Kelly, R.B., Buckley, K.M., Burgess, T.L., Carlson, S.S., Caroni, P., Hooper, J.E., Katzen, A., Moore, H.-P., Pfeffer, S.R. and Schroer, T.A.: Membrane traffic in neurons and peptide-secreting cells. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 48, 697-705 (1983). 5. Wiedenmann, B., Franke, W.W., Kuhn, C., Moll, R. and Gould, V.E.: Synaptophysin: A marker protein for euroendocrine cells and neoplasms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 3500-3504 (1986). 6. Wiedenmann, B. and Franke, W.W.: Identification and localization of synaptophysin, an integral membrane glycoprotein of Mr 38,000 characteristic of presynaptic vesicles. Cell 45, 1017-1028 (1985)|